Journal of Applied Science and Engineering

Published by Tamkang University Press


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Ibrahim M. Ahmed This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1 and Manar Younis Kashmoola2

1College of Science, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
2College of Computer Science and Mathematics, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq


Received: August 17, 2022
Accepted: September 4, 2022
Publication Date: October 14, 2022

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

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Nowadays, smart systems attract a lot of attention as several smart applications are growing. Distributed machine learning such as federated learning has an essential role in smart systems including 6G applications. The main issues that face federated learning (F.L.) are security and performance, which are could be affected by the poisoning attack models. One of the most common poisoning attacks is an impersonation attack, such Sybil attack. This paper proposes a new framework that increases the security of federated learning against Sybil poisoning attacks. The proposed framework which is called FED_CCF, creates a hybrid environment using federate learning with Microsoft CCF (Confidential Consortium Framework). It provides a secure and reliable environment that misleads attackers targeting federated learning. The MNIST dataset is used to investigate the performance of F.L. model with FED_CCF in terms of accuracy. The F.L. model is evaluated by exploiting the MNIST dataset and 30% of malicious devices that use the Sybil attack. The experimental results show that F.L. system implementing FED_CCF outperforms Vanilla F.L. in terms of accuracy, where the former acquired approximately 95.2 % compared to the latter, which only obtains 2.55% employing Sybil poisoning attack.

Keywords: Data poisoning; Federated learning; CCF; Sybil poisoning attacks


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