Journal of Applied Science and Engineering

Published by Tamkang University Press


Impact Factor



Zhibin Fang1This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Shaobin Zhang1, Jiamei Cheng2, and Shaoming Li2

1Department of Sports Work, Hebei Agricultural University, Hebei 071000, Hebei, China

2College of Science and Technology, Hebei Agricultural University, Huanghua 061100, Hebei, China


Received: February 4, 2024
Accepted: April 16, 2024
Publication Date: May 25, 2024

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Download Citation: ||  

In this study, we investigated the mechanical behavior of a knee replacement prosthesis (TKR) manufactured by the Zimmer company. To facilitate our analysis, we initially utilized a coordinate measuring device, specifically a contact 3D scanner, to prepare a cloud-of-point model of the prosthesis. This scanning process allowed us to accurately capture the geometry and dimensions of the TKR, providing a detailed representation of its physical structure. By utilizing this advanced scanning technology, we ensured that our subsequent simulations and analyses were based on precise and reliable data, enabling a thorough examination of the mechanical performance of the knee replacement prosthesis. ABAQUS software was then used to analyze the three dimensional model and nonlinear static analysis was performed on the model. This simulation examined the mechanical performance of the prosthesis for different weight ranges, and the distribution of stress, strain, and displacement within the prosthesis was analyzed. The results show that the maximum stress created in the investigated prosthesis increases from 16MPa to 64MPa per weight of 55 kg to 75 kg. Although, with a 26% increase in the weight of the individual using a knee prosthesis, the maximum stress created in the prosthesis increases by 76%. This type of prosthesis is suitable for the maximum weight category of 80 kg, as it has a reliability coefficient of 3. In light of these results, it is clear that weight categories must be taken into account when considering a particular prosthesis. Otherwise, the prosthesis may be destroyed due to the application of larger forces during various everyday situations and result in serious knee injuries.

Keywords: knee prosthesis, knee joint, finite element analysis, ABAQUS software, stress distribution

  1. [1] S. Kumar and S. Bhowmik, (2022) “Potential use of natural fiber-reinforced polymer biocomposites in knee prostheses: A review on fair inclusion in amputees" Ira nian Polymer Journal 31: 1297–1319.
  2. [2] Y. Sun, H. Tang, Y. Tang, J. Zheng, D. Dong, X. Chen, F. Liu, L. Bai, W. Ge, and L. Xin, (2021) “Review of re cent progress in robotic knee prosthesis related techniques: Structure, actuation and control" Journal of Bionic En gineering 18: 764–785.
  3. [3] R. Fluit, E. C. Prinsen, S. Wang, and H. V. D. Kooij, (2019) “A comparison of control strategies in commer cial and research knee prostheses" IEEE transactions on biomedical engineering 67: 277–290.
  4. [4] V. Kanaujia, A. Gupta, D. K. Sharma, S. Verma, and R. K. Yadav, (2020) “Study of effectiveness of lateral wedge insole on medial compartment of osteoarthritis of knee treated with viscosupplementation" Indian Journal of Pain 34: 106–111.
  5. [5] E. Esfandiari, M. A. Sanjari, A. A. Jamshidi, M. Kamyab, and H. R. Yazdi, (2020) “Gait initiation and lateral wedge insole for individuals with early knee os teoarthritis" Clinical Biomechanics 80: 105163.
  6. [6] M. Mannisi, A. Dell’Isola, M. S. Andersen, and J. Woodburn,(2019) “Effect of lateral wedged insoles on the knee internal contact forces in medial knee osteoarthritis" Gait & posture 68: 443–448.
  7. [7] K. A. Marriott and T. B. Birmingham, (2023) “Fun damentals of Osteoarthritis. Rehabilitation: exercise, diet, biomechanics, and physical therapist-delivered interven tions" Osteoarthritis and Cartilage:
  8. [8] L. Shu, N. Abe, S. Li, and N. Sugita, (2022) “Impor tance of posterior tibial slope in joint kinematics with an anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee" Bone & Joint Research 11: 739–750.
  9. [9] A. Grassi, G. D. Fabbro, S. D. Paolo, F. Stefanelli, L. Macchiarola, G. A. Lucidi, and S. Zaffagnini, (2019) “Medial and lateral meniscus have a different role in kine matics of the ACL-deficient knee: a systematic review" Journal of ISAKOS 4: 233–241.
  10. [10] D. Wang, R. N. K. III, M. J. Amirtharaj, B. M. Hardy, D. H. Nawabi, T. L. Wickiewicz, A. D. Pearle, and C. W. Imhauser, (2019) “Tibiofemoral kinematics during compressive loading of the ACL-intact and ACL-sectioned knee: roles of tibial slope, medial eminence volume, and anterior laxity" JBJS 101: 1085–1092.
  11. [11] T.DelaMoraRamirez,M.DoñuRuiz,I.HilerioCruz, N. López Perrusquia, and E. García Bustos, (2019) “Topological and Contact Force Analysis of a Knee Tumor Prosthesis" Engineering Design Applications: 291–304.
  12. [12] N. Conlisk, C. R. Howie, and P. Pankaj, (2016) “An efficient method to capture the impact of total knee re placement on a variety of simulated patient types: A finite element study" Medical Engineering & Physics 38: 959–968.
  13. [13] A. Navacchia, P. J. Rullkoetter, P. Schütz, R. B. List, C. K. Fitzpatrick, and K. B. Shelburne, (2016) “Subject specific modeling of muscle force and knee contact in total knee arthroplasty" Journal of Orthopaedic Research 34: 1576–1587.
  14. [14] O.-R. Kwon, K.-T. Kang, J. Son, D.-S. Suh, C. Baek, and Y.-G. Koh, (2017) “Importance of joint line preserva tion in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: finite element analysis" Journal of Orthopaedic Research 35: 347–352.
  15. [15] K.-T. Kang, J. Son, O.-R. Kwon, and Y.-G. Koh, (2017) “Malpositioning of prosthesis: patient-specific total knee arthroplasty versus standard off-the-shelf total knee arthro plasty" JAAOS Global Research & Reviews 1: e020.
  16. [16] C.Belvedere,A.Leardini,F.Catani, S. Pianigiani, and B. Innocenti, (2017) “In vivo kinematics of knee replace ment during daily living activities: condylar and post cam contact assessment by three-dimensional fluoroscopy and finite element analyses" Journal of orthopaedic research 35: 1396–1403.
  17. [17] L. Li, L. Yang, K. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. Wang, and Q. Jiang, (2020) “Three-dimensional finite-element analysis of aggravating medial meniscus tears on knee osteoarthri tis" Journal of orthopaedic translation 20: 47–55.
  18. [18] K. Thienkarochanakul, A. A. Javadi, M. Akrami, J. R. Charnley, and A. Benattayallah, (2020) “Stress distribution of the tibiofemoral joint in a healthy ver sus osteoarthritis knee model using image-based three dimensional finite element analysis" Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering 40: 409–418.
  19. [19] M. Nikkhoo, K. Hassani, A. T. Golpaygani, and A. Karimi, (2020) “Biomechanical role of posterior cru ciate ligament in total knee arthroplasty: a finite ele ment analysis" Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 183: 105109.
  20. [20] M.A.Kumbhalkar, U. Nawghare, R. Ghode, Y. Desh mukh, and B. Armarkar, (2013) “Modeling and finite element analysis of knee prosthesis with and without im plant" Universal Journal of Computational Mathe matics 1: 56–66.
  21. [21] J. Esmaeili, K. Andalibi, O. Gencel, F. K. Maleki, and V. A. Maleki, (2021) “Pull-out and bond-slip perfor mance of steel fibers with various ends shapes embedded in polymer-modified concrete" Construction and Build ing Materials 271: 121531.
  22. [22] E. Altas, F. Khosravi, H. Gokkaya, V. A. Maleki, Y. Akınay, O. Ozdemir, O. Bayraktar, and H. Kandas, (2022) “Finite element simulation and experimental in vestigation on the effect of temperature on pseudoelastic behavior of perforated Ni–Ti shape memory alloy strips" Smart Materials and Structures 31: 025031.
  23. [23] M.H.Alizadeh,M.Ajri,andV.A.Maleki,(2023)“Me chanical properties prediction of ductile iron with spherical graphite using multi-scale finite element model" Physica Scripta 98: 125270.
  24. [24] J. Esmaeili, K. Andalibi, and O. Gencel, (2021) “Me chanical characteristics of experimental multi-scale steel f iber reinforced polymer concrete and optimization by Taguchi methods" Construction and Building Materi als 313: 125500.
  25. [25] J.Esmaeili andK.Andalibi,(2019) “Development of 3D Meso-Scale finite element model to study the mechanical behavior of steel microfiber-reinforced polymer concrete" Computers and Concrete, An International Journal 24: 413–422.



69th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Enter your name and email below to receive latest published articles in Journal of Applied Science and Engineering.