Journal of Applied Science and Engineering

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Basori1This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Muhd Ridzuan Mansor2,3, Maman Kartaman Ajiriyanto4, Rosika Kriswarini4, Bambang Soegijono5, Sigit Dwi Yudanto6, Dwi Nanto7, Cahaya Rosyidan8, and Ferry Budhi Susetyo9

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Nasional, Sawo Manila Street, Jakarta 12520, Indonesia

2Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

3Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

4Research Center for Nuclear Material and Radioactive Waste Technology-National Research and Innovation Agency, KST B.J. Habibie, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15314, Indonesia

5PROUDTEK Lab., Department of Geoscience, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI, Depok 16424, Indonesia

6Research Center for Metallurgy-National Research and Innovation Agency, KST B.J. Habibie, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15314, Indonesia

7Department of Physics Education, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Ir. H. Djuanda Street, Ciputat 15412, Indonesia

8Department of Petroleum Engineering, Universitas Trisakti, Kyai Tapa Street, Jakarta 11440, Indonesia

9Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Rawamangun Muka Street, Jakarta 13220, Indonesia



Received: October 30, 2023
Accepted: May 6, 2024
Publication Date: June 20, 2024

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

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Anelectrode that produces oxy-hydrogen gas (HHO) through electrolysis, commonly uses stainless steel (SS). Nickel (Ni) electrodeposition over copper (Cu) alloy promises to replace SS in the electrolyte solution for HHO production. Therefore, it needs a deep exploration of electrodeposition Ni over Cu alloy. In the present work, Ni f ilm electrodeposition was conducted at various electrolyte solution temperatures. Watts solution was chosen due to its better performance than other plating bath compositions. The scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Potentiostat, and hardness apparatus were employed to identify the characteristics of the Ni films over the Cu alloy. An increase in the solution temperature led to an increase in deposition rate, roughness, crystallite size, and transformation of nodules into pyramidal colonies. The high hardness of Ni-15 (Ni films synthesized over the Cu alloy at 15C electrolyte solution) is attributed to its smaller crystallite size. The Ni-15 sample has 38 nm of crystallite size and 232.26 HV of hardness. A lower corrosion rate was also found in the Ni-15 sample, about 1.84×10−3 mmpy. Therefore, it is recommended that the Ni-15 be selected as an electrode for HHO production because of its higher hardness and lower corrosion rate.

Keywords: Electrodeposition; Watts solution; Structure; Electrochemical behavior; Hardness

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