Journal of Applied Science and Engineering

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Prayoon Surin1This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Boonsin Nadondu2, Jakawat Deeying3

1Department of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Pathumwan Institute of Technology, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

2Department of Production Technology, Faculty of Agricultural and Industrial Technology, Phetchabun Rajabhat University, Phetchabun 67000, Thailand

3Logistics and Supply Chain Management Research Center, Science and Technology Research Institute, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok 10800, Thailand


Received: September 15, 2022
Accepted: May 12, 2023
Publication Date: July 12, 2023

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

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The objective of this study was to explore the feasibility of employing durian skin fiber (DSF) waste as a reinforcing agent for a composite material composed of glass fiber, carbon fiber and polylactic acid (PLA). We used mixture design methodology and the response surface methodology to determine the optimal proportion of composite material for enhancing flexural strength and flexural modulus. The composite material was prepared using an injection molding process, and the fracture surface was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Using response surface methodology, we established mathematical relationships between composite material parameters and desired responses. Then, we optimized them using multi-objective methods to determine the optimal process parameters. Validation tests show agreement between predicted and actual values. The optimal composite formula has 0.00 wt% glass fiber, 15.66 wt% carbon fiber, 14.34 wt% DSF and 70.00 wt% PLA.

Keywords: Mixture design, composite material, injection molding, durian skin fiber, flexural properties

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