1Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia 2Basic Engineering Sciences Department, College of Engineering Majmaah University, Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia
Received: December 6, 2020 Accepted: February 19, 2021 Publication Date: October 11, 2021
Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.
Nanofluid is one of the significant developments for having an efficient heat transport process. Its implementation in a non-coaxial rotating system has benefited from designing a mixer machine with two stirrer blades, cooling fan, and jet engines. This study analytically investigates the free convection of unsteady non-coaxial rotating nanofluid flow through a moving disk. The suspension of single-wall or multi-wall carbon nanotubes in water is known as the nanofluid in this study. The fluid motion is affected by the effects of rotation and buoyancy forces. Using suitable dimensionless variables, the dimensional coupled partial differential of momentum and energy equations along with their initial and moving boundary conditions are converted into the dimensionless form. The expressions for temperature and velocity profiles are obtained by solving governing equations using Laplace transform method. The validity of obtained solution is confirmed by having a good agreement when comparing present results with the published result. The results show that the insertion of CNTs particles into the rotating water causes the temperature and velocity profiles to increase. The amount of heat transferred by SWCNTs is greater than MWCNTs. Increasing CNTs particles has descended both primary and secondary skin friction but increase Nusselt number. Further analysis with the help of pictorial discussion for the fluid flows and heat transfer under the influences of nanoparticle volume fraction, Grashof number, the amplitude of disk, and time is carried out.
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