Journal of Applied Science and Engineering

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Rajaram Pichamuthu1This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Prabaharan Sengodan2, Saravanan Matheswaran3, and Karthik Srinivasan4

1Department of CSE, GITAM University, India

2Department of CSE, Malla Reddy Institute of Engineering and Technology, India

3Department of CSE, Aurora’s Technological and Research Institute, India

4Department of Information Technology, College of Computing and Informatics, Saudi Electronic University, Saudi Arabia



Received: August 29, 2023
Accepted: February 4, 2024
Publication Date: May 4, 2024

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

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The significant advances in the Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) and the impact of internetwork interference caused by the combination of several WBANs, the performance accuracy of WBANs may suffer significantly. In this article, a Hybrid Energy-Efficient Multi-Channel Communication Protocol (HEEMCCP) is proposed to mitigate and avoid inter-WBAN interference. The Dynamic Interference Avoidance Algorithm (DIAMA) reduces intra-WBAN interference and consumes less energy by dynamically adjusting the Superframe (SF) distance and restricting the number of channels to two. Rescheduling or channel switching is proposed when WBAN performance falls below tolerance using the neighborhood Sensor Node (SN) list set up using Optimum Interference Mitigation Algorithm (OIMA). The simulation results show that WBAN performance parameters such as Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), Network Bandwidth Efficiency (NBE), Lower Energy Consumption (LEC), and End-to-End Delay (EED) and Energy Residual (ER) are decreased. The system throughput improved significantly up to 60% in high-interference situations.

Keywords: WBANs, Energy Consumption, PDR, Multi-channel MAC, Inference Detection and Avoidance, End-to-End Delay

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