Journal of Applied Science and Engineering

Published by Tamkang University Press


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Taiguo Li1This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and Chao Li2

1School of Automation and Electrical Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China

2Department I of Kinesitherapy, Shaanxi Kangfu Hospital, Xi’an 710065, China


Received: August 22, 2023
Accepted: October 9, 2023
Publication Date: November 5, 2023

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

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Driver drowsiness can cause serious harm to drivers and other road participants. Exploring objective and efficient methods for detecting driver drowsiness has important application value for ensuring road safety. Considering the information complementary between local and global facial features for drowsiness detection, as well as the advantages of deep learning models in information mining, this paper proposes a deep learning model based on multi-granularity facial features and Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) network for driver drowsiness detection. To obtain local facial feature information, face detection and facial landmarks location are implemented based on Practical Facial Landmark Detector (PFLD). The local representation features of the eyes and mouth, as well as the head pose feature, are calculated from the coordinate information of facial landmarks. Furthermore, a global representation learning Vision Transformer (ViT) model that trained on the NTHU-DDD dataset to obtain higher-level semantic information. Due to drowsiness has an accumulative property, an LSTM network that takes the local and global multi-granularity representation features as input to further mine the drowsy clues in the temporal dimension. A large number of comparative experiments are conducted on the public NTHU-DDD dataset, and the results show that the proposed method outperformed other methods, achieving a detection accuracy of 93.15%. Experimental results show that the method can achieve much higher accuracy and can provide an alternative solution for the driver assistance system.

Keywords: Driver Drowsiness Detection, Deep Learning Model, Multi-granularity Representation Features, Vision Transformer, Long Short Term Memory Network

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