Syifa Luthfiyah1, Bambang Soegijono This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1, Ferry Budhi Susetyo2, and Hamdan Akbar Notonegoro3

1Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta 13220, Indonesia
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Cilegon 42435, Indonesia


Received: November 13, 2021
Accepted: January 19, 2022
Publication Date: February 27, 2022

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

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Some waste materials from natural sources are interesting resources for extraction to a more valuable compound. Specific techniques for the extraction of these waste materials are required. Hydroxyapatite (HAp) is one of the most important biomaterials that can be extracted from natural Bovine Bone waste. Natural Hydroxyapatite has been extracted from bovine bone by heating it at different temperatures, namely 850°C and 900°C. The properties of this natural hydroxyapatite have been compared with synthetic hydroxyapatite obtained from a commercial product. The influence of the HAp extraction method on several critical properties such as Ca/P ratio, crystal structure, crystallinity, crystallite sizes, microstrain, and morphology have been discussed. The hydroxyapatite obtained from the bovine bone was around 51% wt. The volume of the unit cell, crystallinity, crystallite size, ratio Ca/P, and morphology were affected by the extraction process. The conclusion is that HAp obtained from bovine bone is comparable to commercial products.

Keywords: Hydroxyapatite, Ca/P, Bovine bone


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