Journal of Applied Science and Engineering

Published by Tamkang University Press


Impact Factor



Ahmad Ramahi This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1, Husam Arman2, Nashaat Othman1, and Fadi AbuBasha1

1Industrial Engineering Department, An-Najah National University P.O. Box7, Nablus, Palestine
2Techno-Economics Division, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR)


Received: June 18, 2021
Accepted: October 7, 2021
Publication Date: October 27, 2021

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Download Citation: ||  


Assessing the sustainability level is now an essential procedure for improving sustainability practices in a certain industry. The stone and marble industry is one of the most important industries in Palestine, its contribution to the overall industrial revenue is 25%, and it employs directly about 25,000 workers. This paper presents a customized model to assess and improve sustainability level in stone and marble facilities. It uses an assessment tool (performance criteria) in the form of a checklist with impeded weighted scoring scale. The tool covers six main themes: energy, water, waste, transportation, site management and landscape, and human health and safety. Based on the assessment level, the model suggests a specific "To-do list" targeting the areas of improvement with the greatest potential to help the facility to improve to the next better level.

Keywords: Sustainability, Stone and marble industry, Sustainability assessment model, Sustainability indicators


  1. [1] H. Arman, A. Ramahi, F. Abubasha, N. A. Othman, H. Safadi, and M. Kmail. “Assessment of perspectives and challenges on sustainability in Palestine”. In: Berlin: GCSM, 2013.
  2. [2] M. F. Ashby, H. Shercliff, and D. Cebon. Materials: engineering, science, processing and design. Kidlington: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013.
  3. [3] T. R. Miller, A. Wiek, D. Sarewitz, J. Robinson, L. Olsson, D. Kriebel, and D. Loorbach, (2014) “The future of sustainability science: a solutions-oriented research agenda" Sustainability science 9(2): 239–246.
  4. [4] I. U. for Conservation of Nature and W. W. Fund. World conservation strategy: Living resource conservation for sustainable development. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN, 1980.
  5. [5] R. H. Cassen. Our Common Future: Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. 1987. DOI: 10.2307/2621529.
  6. [6] L. Aljerf and A. E. Choukaife, (2016) “Sustainable development in Damascus University: A survey of internal stakeholder Views" Journal of Environmental Studies 2(2): 1–12.
  7. [7] N. S. Council. The Natural Stone Sustainability Standard (ANSI/NSC 373). 2014.
  8. [8] A. M. Deif, (2011) “A system model for green manufacturing" Journal of Cleaner Production 19(14): 1553–1559.
  9. [9] D. Dornfeld, C. Yuan, N. Diaz, T. Zhang, and A. Vijayaraghavan. “Introduction to green manufacturing”. In: ed. by D. Dornfeld. Green Manufacturing. Boston:Springer, 2013, 1–23.
  10. [10] N. Bilgin, H. A. Yeprem, S. Arslan, A. Bilgin, E. Günay, and M. Mar¸soglu, (2012) “Use of waste marble powder in brick industry" Construction and Building Materials 29: 449–457.
  11. [11] PCBS. Environmental Survey. 2004.
  12. [12] N. Tibi and A. Ramahi, (2005) “The effect of efficient lighting on the environment: pilot project in Palestine" Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 7(3):213–218.
  13. [13] C. Camporeale, B. Yaseen, A. Yasin, and R. D. Ciello. COUNTRY REPORT ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY INVESTMENT CLIMATE - Palestinian Territories. Tech. rep. The Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, 2020. DOI: 10.13140/rg.2.2.11965.69603.
  14. [14] O. A. Acar, M. Tarakci, and D. V. Knippenberg, (2019) “Creativity and innovation under constraints: A crossdisciplinary integrative review" Journal of Management 45(1): 96–121.
  15. [15] P. S. Mortensen and C. W. Bloch. Oslo Manual-Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data. Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD, 2005.
  16. [16] R. Nidumolu, C. K. Prahalad, and M. R. Rangaswami, (2009) “Why sustainability is now the key driver of innovation" Harvard business review 87(9): 56–64.
  17. [17] A. A. Hanieh, S. AbdElall, and A. Hasan, (2014) “Sustainable development of stone and marble sector in Palestine" Journal of Cleaner Production 84: 581–588.
  18. [18] C. Capitano, G. Peri, G. Rizzo, and P. Ferrante, (2017) “Toward a holistic environmental impact assessment of marble quarrying and processing: proposal of a novel easy-touse IPAT-based method" Environmental monitoring and assessment 189(3): 108.
  19. [19] G. Hustvedt and J. C. Bernard, (2008) “Consumer willingness to pay for sustainable apparel: The influence of labelling for fibre origin and production methods" International Journal of Consumer Studies 32(5): 491–498.
  20. [20] F. Jovane, H. Yoshikawa, L. Alting, C. R. Boer, E. Westkamper, D.Williams, M. Tseng, G. Seliger, and A. M. Paci, (2008) “The incoming global technological and industrial revolution towards competitive sustainable manufacturing" Cirp Annals 57(2): 641–659.
  21. [21] C. Rusinko, (2007) “Green manufacturing: an evaluation of environmentally sustainable manufacturing practices and their impact on competitive outcomes" IEEE transactions on engineering management 54(3): 445–454.
  22. [22] T. Stock and G. Seliger, (2016) “Opportunities of sustainable manufacturing in industry 4.0" Procedia Cirp 40: 536–541.
  23. [23] C. G. Machado, M. P.Winroth, and E. H. D. Ribeiro da Silva, (2020) “Sustainable manufacturing in Industry 4.0: an emerging research agenda" International Journal of Production Research 58(5): 1462–1484.
  24. [24] J. Leng, G. Ruan, P. Jiang, K. Xu, Q. Liu, X. Zhou, and C. Liu, (2020) “Blockchain-empowered sustainable manufacturing and product lifecycle management in industry 4.0: A survey" Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 132: 110112.
  25. [25] ISO-14301:Environmental Performance Evaluation- Guideline and General Principles. Tech. rep. Geneva, CH: International Standard Organization, 1999.
  26. [26] H. Verfaillie and M. Company. Measuring ecoefficiency. A Guide to Reporting Company Performance. Geneva: World Business Council for Sustainable Development. 2000.
  27. [27] M. Ichimura, S. Nam, S. Bonjour, H. Rankine, B. Carisma, Y. Qiu, and R. Khrueachotikul, (2009) “Ecoefficiency Indicators: Measuring Resource-use Efficiency and the Impact of Economic Activities on the Environment" ESCAP: Bangkok, Thailand:
  28. [28] R. Isaksson and U. Steimle, (2009) “What does GRIreporting tell us about corporate sustainability?" The TQM Journal:
  29. [29] N. Jamil, H. Gholami, M. Z. M. Saman, D. Streimikiene, S. Sharif, and N. Zakuan, (2020) “DMAIC-based approach to sustainable value stream mapping: towards a sustainable manufacturing system" Economic research-Ekonomska istraživanja 33(1): 331–360.
  30. [30] S. Zuraida, H. Armijaya, R. B. Margono, A. Harmaji, B. J. Dewancker, et al., (2021) “A Calculation Approach of Embodied Energy, Carbon Emission and Eco-Costs on Waste Recycled Composite Materials" Journal of Applied Science and Engineering 25(1): 109–118.
  31. [31] A. D. Jayal, F. Badurdeen, O. W. D. Jr, and I. S. Jawahir, (2010) “Sustainable manufacturing: Modeling and optimization challenges at the product, process and system levels" CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology 2(3): 144–152.
  32. [32] E. Amrina and S. M. Yusof. “Key performance indicators for sustainable manufacturing evaluation in automotive companies”. In: 2011 IEEE international conference on industrial engineering and engineering management. IEEE, 2011, 1093–1097.
  33. [33] N. Krishnan, S. Raoux, and D. Dornfeld, (2004) “Quantifying the environmental footprint of semiconductor equipment using the environmental value systems analysis (EnV-S)" IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing 17(4): 554–561.
  34. [34] T. Lu, A. Gupta, A. D. Jayal, F. Badurdeen, S. C. Feng, O. W. D. Jr, and I. S. Jawahir. “A framework of product and process metrics for sustainable manufacturing”. In: ed. by G. Seliger, M. Khraisheh, and I. Jawahir. Advances in Sustainable Manufacturing.Berlin: Springer, 2011, 333–338.
  35. [35] A. B. Culaba and M. Purvis, (1999) “A methodology for the life cycle and sustainability analysis of manufacturing processes" Journal of Cleaner Production 7(6): 435–445.
  36. [36] E. Westkämper et al., (2000) “Life cycle management and assessment: approaches and visions towards sustainable manufacturing (keynote paper)" CIRP Annals 49(2): 501–526.
  37. [37] W. Faulkner and F. Badurdeen, (2014) “Sustainable Value Stream Mapping (Sus-VSM): methodology to visualize and assess manufacturing sustainability performance"Journal of Cleaner Production 85: 8–18.
  38. [38] S. A. Melnyk, R. P. Sroufe, F. L. Montabon, and T. J. Hinds, (2001) “Green MRP: identifying the material and environmental impacts of production schedules" International Journal of Production Research 39(8): 1559–1573.
  39. [39] OECD. OECD Sustainable Manufacturing Toolkit. 2011.
  40. [40] G. Bertoni and J. Obis. Quarries and processing plants. 2004.
  41. [41] C. Furcas and G. Balletto. Converting waste from the dimension stone industry into sustainable environmental resources. Current trends, market opportunities and future outlooks. 2013.
  42. [42] G. Marras, N. Careddu, C. Internicola, and G. Siotto. “Recovery and reuse of marble powder by-product”. In: Global stone congress. 2010, 2–5.
  43. [43] J.-M. F. Mendoza, C. Capitano, G. Peri, A. Josa, J. Rieradevall, and X. Gabarrell. Environmental management of granite slab production from an industrial ecology standpoint. 2014.
  44. [44] G. Papantonopoulos, M. Taxiarchou, N. Bonito, K. Adam, and I. Christodoulou. “A study on best available techniques for the management of stone wastes”. In: 2007.
  45. [45] G. L. Scalia, C. M. L. Fata, A. Certa, and R. Micale, (2021) “A multifunctional plant for a sustainable reuse of marble waste toward circular economy" Waste Management & Research: 0734242X211029161.
  46. [46] , (2011) “Best practices of the natural stone industry" Natural Stone Council:
  47. [47] N. Bonito. Sustainable stone & marble industry: clean production, waste management and eco-innovation. Sustainability of the Natural Stone Industry: Management of Waste & by-Product, Water and Energy. 2014.
  48. [48] PALTRADE. The state of Palestine "National Export Strategy 2014 to 2018 - Stone and Marble sector in Palestine. 2014.
  49. [49] H. S. Salem, (2021) “Evaluation of the Stone and Marble Industry in Palestine: environmental, geological, health, socioeconomic, cultural, and legal perspectives, in view of sustainable development" Environmental Science and Pollution Research 28(22): 28058–28080.
  50. [50] Final Results - Establishment Report. Accessed: 2021-07-20.
  51. [51] N. Al-Joulani, (2008) “Soil contamination in Hebron District due to stone cutting industry" Jordan Journal of Applied Science 10: 37–50.
  52. [52] T. Sayara, (2016) “Environmental impact assessment of quarries and stone cutting industries in Palestine: case study of Jammain" J. Environ. Prot. Sustain. Dev 2: 32–38.
  53. [53] N. A. Hussain. “Assessment of the Palestinian Stone & Marble Industry in Terms of Quality Management & Safety Management Systems". (phdthesis). 2014.
  54. [54] F. B. I. M. Background Paper Roundtable (7): Regulating and improving the competitiveness of the stone & marble industry: challenges and required interventions. 2018.
  55. [55] B. Makhool and M. Abu-Alrob. Quarrying, Crushing and Stone Industries in Palestine: Current Situation and Prospects. Palestine Economic Policy Research Institute-Mas, 1999.
  56. [56] F. J. Aukour and M. I. Al-Qinna, (2008) “Marble production and environmental constrains: case study from Zarqa Governorate, Jordan" Jordan Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences 1(1): 11–21.
  57. [57] C. Zografidis, K. Adam, I. Christodolou, and J. Orfanoudakis. “Evaluation of the environmental performance of the natural stone industry based on sustainable indicators”. In: Proceeding from the 3rd International Conference on Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry, Milos Island. 2007.
  58. [58] J. W. Creswell and C. N. Poth. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. London:Sage publications, 2016.
  59. [59] H. Lune and B. L. Berg. Qualitative research methods for the social sciences. Harlow, England: Pearson Higher Ed, 2016.
  60. [60] D. Krajnc and P. Glaviˇc, (2003) “Indicators of sustainable production" Clean technologies and environmental policy 5(3-4): 279–288.
  61. [61] V. Veleva and M. Ellenbecker, (2001) “Indicators of sustainable production: framework and methodology" Journal of cleaner production 9(6): 519–549.



69th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Enter your name and email below to receive latest published articles in Journal of Applied Science and Engineering.