Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1, Winda Setiasari2, Sugeng Joko Sarwono1, and Ni Putu Amanda Nitidara1

1Kelompok Keahlian Fisika Bangunan, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
2Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia


 

Received: December 9, 2020
Accepted: March 1, 2021
Publication Date: August 10, 2021

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.6180/jase.202202_25(1).0022  


ABSTRACT


ISO 12913-1, 12913-2, and 12913-3 have standardized soundscape evaluation from different aspects such as definition and framework, data collection methods, and data analysis. Central to ISO 12913-2 is that an acoustic environment can be evaluated based on perceptual attributes standardized only in English. These perceptual attributes might be interpreted differently in a different country, resulting in incorrect soundscape evaluation. Thus, to overcome the problem, International collaboration was initiated to develop standard perceptual attributes for soundscape evaluation in 15 languages.
This study explains the development of soundscape perceptual attributes in Indonesian. A focus group discussion had been conducted to develop the attributes in Indonesian. Afterward, in-situ experiments were carried out to identify soundscape evaluation using two different perceptual attributes both in English and in Indonesian. The Wilkinson signed-rank test analysis shows that the rating score between English and Indonesian attributes is not significant on several attributes. Those attributes are pleasant, vibrant, calm, annoying, and monotonous. The other attributes (chaotic, uneventful, and eventful) are rated differently compared to the Indonesian version. It is interesting to note that using English attributes or using a straightforward translation might not be suitable for soundscape study in Indonesia.


Keywords: Soundscape Evaluation, Soundscape Attributes, ISO 12913


REFERENCES


  1. [1] International Organization for Standarization. Draft BS ISO 12913-1 Acoustics - Soundscape. Part 1: Definition and conceptual framework, 2013.
  2. [2] Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, Yiu W Lam, and William J Davies. The effect of sound level on perception of reproduced soundscapes. Applied Acoustics, 110:53–60, 2016.
  3. [3] ISO. Acoustics - Description, measurement and assessment of environmental noise. Part 1: Basic quantities and assessment procedures (ISO 1996-1:2003), 2003.
  4. [4] BS ISO 532-1:2017. BS ISO 532-1:2017 - Acoustics - Methods for calculating loudness - Part 1: Zwicker method, 2018.
  5. [5] Anastasia Noviyanti, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, and Dian Kusumaningrum. Urban soundscape prediction based on acoustic ecology and MFCC parameters. In AIP Conference Proceedings, volume 2187, 2019.
  6. [6] D. Botteldooren, B. De Coensel, and T. De Muer. The temporal structure of urban soundscapes. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 292(1-2):105–123, apr 2006.
  7. [7] Bert De Coensel, Michiel Boes, Damiano Oldoni, and Dick Botteldooren. Characterizing the soundscape of tranquil urban spaces. In Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, volume 19, pages 040052–040052, 2013.
  8. [8] ISO and DIN. DIN ISO 12913-2: Acoustics. Soundscape. Part 2. Data Collection and reporting requirements, 2019.
  9. [9] Jin Yong Jeon, Joo Young Hong, and Pyoung Jik Lee. Soundwalk approach to identify urban soundscapes individually. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(1):803–812, jul 2013.
  10. [10] Anugrah S Sudarsono, Yiu W Lam, and William J Davies. The validation of acoustic environment simulator to determine the relationship between sound objects and soundscape. In Acta Acustica united with Acustica, volume 103, pages 657–667, 2017.
  11. [11] J. Kang and M. Zhang. Semantic differential analysis of the soundscape in urban open public spaces. Building and Environment, 45(1):150–157, jan 2010.
  12. [12] Danièle Dubois, Catherine Guastavino, and Manon Raimbault. Acognitive approach to urban soundscapes: Using verbal data to access everyday life auditory categories. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 92(6):865–874, 2006.
  13. [13] Qi Meng, Tingting Zhao, and Jian Kang. Influence of music on the behaviors of crowd in urban open public spaces. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(APR):1–13, 2018.
  14. [14] Giovanni Brambilla, Veronica Gallo, Francesco Asdrubali, and Francesco D’Alessandro. The perceived quality of soundscape in three urban parks in Rome. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(1):832–839, jul 2013.
  15. [15] André Fiebig. Soundscape standardization dares the impossible - Case studies valuing current soundscape standards. In Proceedings of the International Congress on Acoustics, volume 2019-Septe, pages 6081–6087, 2019.
  16. [16] Östen Axelsson, Mats E Nilsson, and Birgitta Berglund. A principal components model of soundscape perception. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 128(5):2836–2846, nov 2010.
  17. [17] Koji Nagahata. Linguistic issues we must resolve before the standardization of soundscape research. Euronoise 2018, pages 2459–2464, 2018.
  18. [18] Francesco Aletta, Tin Oberman, Östen Axelsson, Hui Xie, Yuan Zhang, Siu-Kit Lau, Shiu-Keung Tang, Kristian Jambroši´c, Bert De Coensel, Kirsten van den Bosch, and Others. Soundscape assessment: towards a validated translation of perceptual attributes in different languages. In INTER-NOISE and NOISE-CON Congress and Conference Proceedings, volume 261, pages 3137–3146, 2020.
  19. [19] Badan Pusat Statistik. Penduduk Indonesia : Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010. Badan Statistik Indonesia, page 706, 2010.
  20. [20] Ni Putu Amanda Nitidara, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, and Joko Sarwono. The soundscape assessment of three urban parks in Bandung based on the relationship between noise level and activities in urban park. In 25th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2018, ICSV 2018: Hiroshima Calling, volume 3, pages 1582–1588, 2018.
  21. [21] Christina E Mediastika, Anugrah S Sudarsono, Luciana Kristanto, Gunawan Tanuwidjaja, Rony G Sunaryo, and Rully Damayanti. Appraising the sonic environment of urban parks using the soundscape dimension of visually impaired people. International Journal of Urban Sciences, 24(2):216–241, 2020.
  22. [22] Iva Rofiatun Nisa Azzahra, Joko Sarwono, Iwan Prasetiyo, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, Rifqi Ikhwanuddin, Randy Frans Fela, and Sentagi Sesotya Utami. Hospital soundscapes: Soundscapes intervensions in intensive care unit. In 25th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2018, ICSV 2018: Hiroshima Calling, volume 6, pages 3783–3790, 2018.
  23. [23] KeyshaWellviestu Zakri, Nurul Hidayah, Nida Nurmadi Hamdani, Joko Sarwono, Sentagi Sesotya Utami, and Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono. Evaluating perceived acoustic environment in executive class passenger train using soundscape approach. In INTER-NOISE 2017 - 46th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Taming Noise and Moving Quiet, volume 2017-Janua, pages 3633–3638, 2017.
  24. [24] M. I. Djimantoro. Multisensory experience for mental health in higher education classroom design. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, volume 195, page 195(1)., 2018.
  25. [25] Rifqi Ikhwanuddin, Joko Sarwono, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, and Sentagi Sesotya Utami. Library soundscape: Higher education students’ perception. In INTER-NOISE 2017 - 46th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Taming Noise and Moving Quiet, volume 2017-Janua, pages 73–79, 2017.
  26. [26] Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, Joko Sarwono, Keysha Wellviestu Zakri, Ni Putu Amanda Nitidara, and Ranti Dwi Tassia. The perception of sound quality in a mosque. In AIP Conference Proceedings, volume 2088, 2019.
  27. [27] Pusat Bahasa. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, 2011.
  28. [28] Widjaja Martokusumo, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, and Feysha Poetry. Multisensorial Perceptual Qualities in Historic Urban Areas. Some notions on understanding human perception in planning and design. In Artepolis 8 2020, 2020.
  29. [29] Christina E Mediastika, Anugrah S Sudarsono, Luciana Kristanto, Gunawan Tanuwidjaja, Rony G Sunaryo, and Rully Damayanti. Recalling the sonic perception of visually impaired people of Surabaya’s urban parks. MATEC Web of Conferences, 280:02007, 2019.
  30. [30] Widjaja Martokusumo, HeruWPoerbo, Joko Sarwono, Anugrah S Sudarsono, Ni Putu Amanda Nitidara, Michael Isnaeni Djimantoro, Amanda Arifiana, and Feysa A. Poetry. Soundscape and the understanding of historic districts in Bandung. TATALOKA, 21(2):371, 2019.


Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1, Winda Setiasari2, Sugeng Joko Sarwono1, and Ni Putu Amanda Nitidara1

1Kelompok Keahlian Fisika Bangunan, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
2Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia


 

Received: December 9, 2020
Accepted: March 1, 2021
Publication Date: August 10, 2021

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.6180/jase.202202_25(1).0022  


ABSTRACT


ISO 12913-1, 12913-2, and 12913-3 have standardized soundscape evaluation from different aspects such as definition and framework, data collection methods, and data analysis. Central to ISO 12913-2 is that an acoustic environment can be evaluated based on perceptual attributes standardized only in English. These perceptual attributes might be interpreted differently in a different country, resulting in incorrect soundscape evaluation. Thus, to overcome the problem, International collaboration was initiated to develop standard perceptual attributes for soundscape evaluation in 15 languages.
This study explains the development of soundscape perceptual attributes in Indonesian. A focus group discussion had been conducted to develop the attributes in Indonesian. Afterward, in-situ experiments were carried out to identify soundscape evaluation using two different perceptual attributes both in English and in Indonesian. The Wilkinson signed-rank test analysis shows that the rating score between English and Indonesian attributes is not significant on several attributes. Those attributes are pleasant, vibrant, calm, annoying, and monotonous. The other attributes (chaotic, uneventful, and eventful) are rated differently compared to the Indonesian version. It is interesting to note that using English attributes or using a straightforward translation might not be suitable for soundscape study in Indonesia.


Keywords: Soundscape Evaluation, Soundscape Attributes, ISO 12913


REFERENCES


  1. [1] International Organization for Standarization. Draft BS ISO 12913-1 Acoustics - Soundscape. Part 1: Definition and conceptual framework, 2013.
  2. [2] Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, Yiu W Lam, and William J Davies. The effect of sound level on perception of reproduced soundscapes. Applied Acoustics, 110:53–60, 2016.
  3. [3] ISO. Acoustics - Description, measurement and assessment of environmental noise. Part 1: Basic quantities and assessment procedures (ISO 1996-1:2003), 2003.
  4. [4] BS ISO 532-1:2017. BS ISO 532-1:2017 - Acoustics - Methods for calculating loudness - Part 1: Zwicker method, 2018.
  5. [5] Anastasia Noviyanti, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, and Dian Kusumaningrum. Urban soundscape prediction based on acoustic ecology and MFCC parameters. In AIP Conference Proceedings, volume 2187, 2019.
  6. [6] D. Botteldooren, B. De Coensel, and T. De Muer. The temporal structure of urban soundscapes. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 292(1-2):105–123, apr 2006.
  7. [7] Bert De Coensel, Michiel Boes, Damiano Oldoni, and Dick Botteldooren. Characterizing the soundscape of tranquil urban spaces. In Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, volume 19, pages 040052–040052, 2013.
  8. [8] ISO and DIN. DIN ISO 12913-2: Acoustics. Soundscape. Part 2. Data Collection and reporting requirements, 2019.
  9. [9] Jin Yong Jeon, Joo Young Hong, and Pyoung Jik Lee. Soundwalk approach to identify urban soundscapes individually. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(1):803–812, jul 2013.
  10. [10] Anugrah S Sudarsono, Yiu W Lam, and William J Davies. The validation of acoustic environment simulator to determine the relationship between sound objects and soundscape. In Acta Acustica united with Acustica, volume 103, pages 657–667, 2017.
  11. [11] J. Kang and M. Zhang. Semantic differential analysis of the soundscape in urban open public spaces. Building and Environment, 45(1):150–157, jan 2010.
  12. [12] Danièle Dubois, Catherine Guastavino, and Manon Raimbault. Acognitive approach to urban soundscapes: Using verbal data to access everyday life auditory categories. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 92(6):865–874, 2006.
  13. [13] Qi Meng, Tingting Zhao, and Jian Kang. Influence of music on the behaviors of crowd in urban open public spaces. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(APR):1–13, 2018.
  14. [14] Giovanni Brambilla, Veronica Gallo, Francesco Asdrubali, and Francesco D’Alessandro. The perceived quality of soundscape in three urban parks in Rome. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(1):832–839, jul 2013.
  15. [15] André Fiebig. Soundscape standardization dares the impossible - Case studies valuing current soundscape standards. In Proceedings of the International Congress on Acoustics, volume 2019-Septe, pages 6081–6087, 2019.
  16. [16] Östen Axelsson, Mats E Nilsson, and Birgitta Berglund. A principal components model of soundscape perception. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 128(5):2836–2846, nov 2010.
  17. [17] Koji Nagahata. Linguistic issues we must resolve before the standardization of soundscape research. Euronoise 2018, pages 2459–2464, 2018.
  18. [18] Francesco Aletta, Tin Oberman, Östen Axelsson, Hui Xie, Yuan Zhang, Siu-Kit Lau, Shiu-Keung Tang, Kristian Jambroši´c, Bert De Coensel, Kirsten van den Bosch, and Others. Soundscape assessment: towards a validated translation of perceptual attributes in different languages. In INTER-NOISE and NOISE-CON Congress and Conference Proceedings, volume 261, pages 3137–3146, 2020.
  19. [19] Badan Pusat Statistik. Penduduk Indonesia : Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010. Badan Statistik Indonesia, page 706, 2010.
  20. [20] Ni Putu Amanda Nitidara, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, and Joko Sarwono. The soundscape assessment of three urban parks in Bandung based on the relationship between noise level and activities in urban park. In 25th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2018, ICSV 2018: Hiroshima Calling, volume 3, pages 1582–1588, 2018.
  21. [21] Christina E Mediastika, Anugrah S Sudarsono, Luciana Kristanto, Gunawan Tanuwidjaja, Rony G Sunaryo, and Rully Damayanti. Appraising the sonic environment of urban parks using the soundscape dimension of visually impaired people. International Journal of Urban Sciences, 24(2):216–241, 2020.
  22. [22] Iva Rofiatun Nisa Azzahra, Joko Sarwono, Iwan Prasetiyo, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, Rifqi Ikhwanuddin, Randy Frans Fela, and Sentagi Sesotya Utami. Hospital soundscapes: Soundscapes intervensions in intensive care unit. In 25th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2018, ICSV 2018: Hiroshima Calling, volume 6, pages 3783–3790, 2018.
  23. [23] KeyshaWellviestu Zakri, Nurul Hidayah, Nida Nurmadi Hamdani, Joko Sarwono, Sentagi Sesotya Utami, and Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono. Evaluating perceived acoustic environment in executive class passenger train using soundscape approach. In INTER-NOISE 2017 - 46th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Taming Noise and Moving Quiet, volume 2017-Janua, pages 3633–3638, 2017.
  24. [24] M. I. Djimantoro. Multisensory experience for mental health in higher education classroom design. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, volume 195, page 195(1)., 2018.
  25. [25] Rifqi Ikhwanuddin, Joko Sarwono, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, and Sentagi Sesotya Utami. Library soundscape: Higher education students’ perception. In INTER-NOISE 2017 - 46th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Taming Noise and Moving Quiet, volume 2017-Janua, pages 73–79, 2017.
  26. [26] Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, Joko Sarwono, Keysha Wellviestu Zakri, Ni Putu Amanda Nitidara, and Ranti Dwi Tassia. The perception of sound quality in a mosque. In AIP Conference Proceedings, volume 2088, 2019.
  27. [27] Pusat Bahasa. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, 2011.
  28. [28] Widjaja Martokusumo, Anugrah Sabdono Sudarsono, and Feysha Poetry. Multisensorial Perceptual Qualities in Historic Urban Areas. Some notions on understanding human perception in planning and design. In Artepolis 8 2020, 2020.
  29. [29] Christina E Mediastika, Anugrah S Sudarsono, Luciana Kristanto, Gunawan Tanuwidjaja, Rony G Sunaryo, and Rully Damayanti. Recalling the sonic perception of visually impaired people of Surabaya’s urban parks. MATEC Web of Conferences, 280:02007, 2019.
  30. [30] Widjaja Martokusumo, HeruWPoerbo, Joko Sarwono, Anugrah S Sudarsono, Ni Putu Amanda Nitidara, Michael Isnaeni Djimantoro, Amanda Arifiana, and Feysa A. Poetry. Soundscape and the understanding of historic districts in Bandung. TATALOKA, 21(2):371, 2019.


    
 

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