Elvina S. Wijaya This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1

1Petra Christian University, No.121-131, Siwalankerto, Kec. Wonocolo, Kota SBY, Jawa Timur 60236, Indonesia


 

Received: December 9, 2020
Accepted: March 17, 2021
Publication Date: July 19, 2021

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.6180/jase.202202_25(1).0014  


ABSTRACT


After Covid-19, residential has become the main space for every activity, including work, education, and leisure. Therefore, comfort in residential space is crucial to the occupant. As researchers have found traces, that the virus is airborne, the air quality in the residence must be highlighted, especially for people who live in a centralized cooling system residence. When the cooling system is well maintained, there is no significant risk of viral transmission, but not all residential building has HEPA-filters, nor a well-maintained system. This research focuses on the studio room apartment unit, as it has the smallest opening area compared to other room types. A small one-sided opening is not ideal for the wind to move throughout the room. A few design suggestion is simulated under three air-flow speed, to prove that natural ventilation is possible to be adapted, to reach comfort while minimizing the risk of viral transmission. The result is, the indoor wind speed can be enhanced the most at the overall unit area by modifying the fixed window to an operable window, giving upper horizontal opening in the wall across the existing opening, and using gauze doors on both door openings. The furniture layout is proved to affect wind distribution in the room. This research can also serve as an alternative strategy to optimize the use of natural ventilation to decrease energy use for cooling in the tropic area, after the pandemic.


Keywords: Design adaptation; Indoor airflow; Viral transmission


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