Jeanne Phyre L. Oracion1 , Lyka B. De La Rosa1 , Marco Laurence M. Budlayan1 , Mikee Joy D. Rodriguez1 , Jonathan P. Manigo2 , Jonathan N. Patricio3 , Susan D. Arco3 , Eleanor S. Austria4 , Arnold C. Alguno5 , Custer C. Deocaris6 , and Rey Y. Capangpangan This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1,7,8

1Materials Science and Polymer Chemistry Laboratory, Caraga State University, Butuan City 8600, Philippines
2Physics Department, Caraga State University, Butuan City 8600, Philippines
3Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines
4Biology Department, Adamson University, Ermita, Manila 1000, Philippines
5Physics Department, Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City 9200, Philippines
6Biomedical Research Section, Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, Quezon City 1101, Philippines
7Chemistry Department, Caraga State University, Butuan City 8600, Philippines
8Center for Nanoscience and Technology for Research and Entrepreneurship, Caraga State University, Butuan City 8600, Philippines


Received: August 9, 2020
Accepted: December 13, 2020
Publication Date: June 1, 2021

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

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Immobilization of metallic nanoparticles on bacterial cellulose (BC) matrix is widely used in fabricating materials with significant importance in emerging technologies for sensing, catalysis, and biomedical applications. Although reports on in situ integration of nanoparticles have been widely explored, commonly employed methods utilize numerous reagents and tedious synthesis routes. In this work, a one-pot, in situ reductions of gold and silver nanoparticles (AuNPs and AgNPs) was done using polyethyleneimine on a BC matrix obtained from Acetobacter xylinum. The surface chemistry of the BC membrane was studied using FT-IR spectroscopy, and the formation of nanoparticles onto the nanocellulose network was examined using FESEM-EDX analysis, obtaining 30.6 and 4.4 wt. % for Au and Ag, respectively. UV-Vis analysis showed that the SPR peaks were found at 546 nm for AuNPs and 401 nm for AgNPs. Moreover, stability tests confirmed the stable integration of the in situ-synthesized nanoparticles on the BC membrane. This study demonstrated a facile one-pot, in situ synthesis of AuNPs and AgNPs on the BC membrane, providing new insights on nanoparticle-impregnated cellulosic material for further applications.

Keywords: Acetobacter xylinum, bacterial cellulose, chemical reduction, in situ synthesis, plasmonic nanoparticles


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