Haixia Liu This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1 , Jie Chen1 , Xiao Wei1 , Can Kang2 , and Kejin Ding3

1School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
2School of Energy and Power Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
3Shanghai Marine Equipment Research Institute, Shanghai 200031, China


 

Received: June 28, 2020
Accepted: September 20, 2020
Publication Date: February 1, 2021

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.6180/jase.202102_24(1).0015  


ABSTRACT


The present study aims to elucidate the effects of cavitation on the CuZnAl shape memory alloy. Cavitation was produced by the propagation of ultrasonic waves in deionized water. Influences of the exposure time and the standoff distance were considered. The mass loss of the specimen was measured. The specimen surfaces were observed using microscopes. Grain orientations were detected using the X-ray diffraction technique. The specific heat capacity was measured using a differential scanning calorimeter. The highest cavitation aggressivity is attained at the standoff distance of 0.7 mm. As the exposure time increases, both the mass loss and surface roughness are enhanced. The cavitation impact leads to the refinement of grains and diversification of grain orientations. Furthermore, the austenite start temperature is reduced and the stability of thermoelastic martensite attenuates due to cavitation. The improvement of the shape memory performance of the CuZnAl shape memory alloy is evidenced.


Keywords: CuZnAl shape memory alloy; ultrasonic cavitation; grain structure; exposure time; standoff distance


REFERENCES


  1. [1] Jaronie Mohd Jani, Martin Leary, Aleksandar Subic, and Mark A Gibson. A review of shape memory alloy research, applications and opportunities. Materials & Design (1980-2015), 56:1078–1113, 2014.
  2. [2] J Pena, E Solano, A Mendoza, J Casals, J A Planell, and F J Gil. Effect of the M s transformation temperature on the wear behaviour of NiTi shape memory alloys for articular prosthesis. Bio-medical materials and engineering, 15(4):289–293, 2005.
  3. [3] Wenyi Yan. Theoretical investigation of wear-resistance mechanism of superelastic shape memory alloy NiTi. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 427(1-2):348–355, 2006.
  4. [4] Dimitris C Lagoudas. Shape memory alloys: modeling and engineering applications. Springer, 2008.
  5. [5] Ana Velia Druker Isidro Esquivel, María Florencia Giordana. Effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and shape memory behavior of Fe-Mn-Si-Ni-Cr alloys. Materials Characterization, 155:109811, 2019.
  6. [6] F Iacoviello, V Di Cocco, S Natali, and A Brotzu. Grain size and loading conditions influence on fatigue crack propagation in a Cu-Zn-Al shape memory alloy. International journal of fatigue, 115:27–34, 2018.
  7. [7] Xinkai Ma, Fuguo Li, Jun Cao, Jinghui Li, Zhankun Sun, Guang Zhu, and Shunshun Zhou. Strain rate effects on tensile deformation behaviors of Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al alloy undergoing stress-induced martensitic transformation. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 710:1–9, 2018.
  8. [8] Eduardo Alarcon, Ludˇek Heller, Shabnam Arbab Chirani, Petr Šittner, Jaromír Kopeˇcek, Luc Saint-Sulpice, and Sylvain Calloch. Fatigue performance of superelastic NiTi near stress-induced martensitic transformation. International Journal of Fatigue, 95:76–89, 2017.
  9. [9] Elzbieta Alicja Pieczyska, Maria Staszczak, Vladimir Duni´c, Radovan Slavkovi´c, Hisaaki Tobushi, and Kohei Takeda. Development of stress-induced martensitic transformation in TiNi shape memory alloy. Journal of materials engineering and performance, 23(7):2505–2514, 2014.
  10. [10] Xinkai Ma, Fuguo Li, Xiaotian Fang, Zhongkai Li, Zhankun Sun, Junhua Hou, and Jun Cao. Effect of strain reversal on the stress-induced martensitic transformation and tensile properties of a metastable β titanium alloy. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 784:111– 116, 2019.
  11. [11] C Elibol and MF-X Wagner. Strain rate effects on the localization of the stress-induced martensitic transformation in pseudoelastic NiTi under uniaxial tension, compression and compression–shear. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 643:194–202, 2015.
  12. [12] F N García-Castillo, J Cortés-Pérez, V Amigó, F M Sánchez-Arévalo, and G A Lara-Rodríguez. Development of a stress-induced martensitic transformation criterion for a Cu–Al–Be polycrystalline shape memory alloy undergoing uniaxial tension. Acta Materialia, 97:131–145, 2015.
  13. [13] Denis Bouscaud, Sophie Berveiller, Raphaël Pesci, Etienne Patoor, and Adam Morawiec. Local stress analysis in an SMA during stress-induced martensitic transformation by Kossel microdiffraction. In Advanced Materials Research, volume 996, pages 45–51. Trans Tech Publ, 2014.
  14. [14] Zaiyou Wang and Jinhua Zhu. Cavitation erosion of Fe–Mn–Si–Cr shape memory alloys. Wear, 256(1-2):66– 72, 2004.
  15. [15] F T Cheng, P Shi, and H C Man. Correlation of cavitation erosion resistance with indentation-derived properties for a NiTi alloy. Scripta Materialia, 45(9):1083–1089, 2001.
  16. [16] Z D Cui, H C Man, F T Cheng, and T M Yue. Cavitation erosion–corrosion characteristics of laser surface modified NiTi shape memory alloy. Surface and Coatings Technology, 162(2-3):147–153, 2003.
  17. [17] Shuji Hattori and Atsushi Tainaka. Cavitation erosion of Ti–Ni base shape memory alloys. Wear, 262(1-2):191– 197, 2007.
  18. [18] Bo Cao and Takeshi Iwamoto. An experimental investigation on rate dependency of thermomechanical and Stress-induced martensitic transformation behavior in Fe-28Mn-6Si-5Cr shape memory alloy under compression. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 132:103284, 2019.
  19. [19] Lu Wang, Chao Fu, Yidong Wu, Runguang Li, Xidong Hui, and Yandong Wang. Superelastic effect in Ti-rich high entropy alloys via stress-induced martensitic transformation. Scripta Materialia, 162:112–117, 2019.
  20. [20] N D Long and J H Zhu. Cavitation erosion resistance of Fe-26Mn-6Si-7Cr-1Cu shape memory alloy. Materials science and technology, 19(12):1733–1736, 2003.
  21. [21] Gyeong Su Shin, Jae Yong Yun, Myung Chul Park, and Seon Jin Kim. Effect of Mechanical Properties on Cavitation Erosion Resistance in γ→ α Phase Transformable Fe–Cr–C–Mn Alloys. Tribology Letters, 57(3):25, 2015.
  22. [22] Lidija GOMIDŽELOVIC, Emina POŽEGA, Ana Kos- ´ tov, Nikola VUKOVIC, Vesna KRSTI ´ C, Dragana ´ ŽIVKOVIC, and Ljubiša BALANOVI ´ C. Thermodynam- ´ ics and characterization of shape memory Cu–Al–Zn alloys. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 25(8):2630–2636, 2015.
  23. [23] Nicoleta-Monica Lohan, Marius-Gabriel Suru, Bogdan Pricop, and Leandru-Gheorghe Bujoreanu. Cooling rate effects on the structure and transformation behavior of Cu-Zn-Al shape memory alloys. International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy, and Materials, 21(11):1109–1114, 2014.
  24. [24] Vanja Asanovi´c, Kemal Deliji´c, and Nada Jaukovi´c. A study of transformations of β-phase in Cu–Zn–Al shape memory alloys. Scripta Materialia, 58(7):599–601, 2008.
  25. [25] L Qian, Q Sun, and Z Zhou. The role of martensite reorientation in the fretting behaviour of nickel titanium shape memory alloy. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology, 222(7):887–897, 2008.
  26. [26] H C Lin, K M Lin, Y S Chen, and C H Yang. Ion nitriding of Fe–30Mn–6Si–5Cr shape memory alloy: II. Erosion characteristics. Surface and Coatings Technology, 194(1):74–81, 2005.
  27. [27] Mingming Zhou, Haixia Liu, Can Kang, and Xiao Wei. Resistance of curved surfaces to the cavitation erosion produced through high-pressure submerged waterjet. Wear, 440:203091, 2019.
  28. [28] Zaiyou Wang and Jinhua Zhu. Effect of phase transformation on cavitation erosion resistance of some ferrous alloys. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 358(1-2):273– 278, 2003.
  29. [29] R Jasionowski, W Polkowski, and D Zasada. Destruction mechanism of ZnAl4 as cast alloy subjected to cavitational erosion using different laboratory stands. Archives of Foundry Engineering, 16, 2016.
  30. [30] Soroush Momeni, Wolfgang Tillmann, and Michael Pohl. Composite cavitation resistant PVD coatings based on NiTi thin films. Materials & Design, 110:830– 838, 2016.
  31. [31] Neonila Levintant-Zayonts, Grzegorz Starzynski, Mateusz Kopec, and Stanislaw Kucharski. Characterization of NiTi SMA in its unusual behaviour in wear tests. Tribology International, 137:313–323, 2019.
  32. [32] F.M. Weafer,Y. Guo,M.S. Bruzzi. The effect of crystallographic texture on stress-induced martensitic transformation in NiTi: A computational analysis. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 53:210–217, 2016.
  33. [33] Michael Kimiecik, J.Wayne Jones, Samantha Daly. The effect of microstructure on stress-induced martensitic transformation under cyclic loading in the SMA NickelTitanium. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 89:16–30, 2016.
  34. [34] K Yurdal and ˙I H Karahan. Phase Formation in Electrodeposited Cu-Zn Alloy Films Produced from Ultrasonicated Solutions. Acta Physica Polonica A, 132(3):1091–1094, 2017.
  35. [35] Vittorio Di Cocco, Francesco Iacoviello, Stefano Natali, and Andrea Brotzu. Fatigue crack micromechanisms in a Cu-Zn-Al shape memory alloy with pseudo-elastic behavior. Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale, 9(34), 2015.
  36. [36] Michael Pohl, Jorge Stella, and Christian Hessing. Comparative Study on CuZnAl and CuMnZnAlNiFe Shape Memdory Alloys Subjected to Cavitation–Erosion. Advanced Engineering Materials, 5(4):251– 256, 2003.
  37. [37] Li-Bin Niu, Toshio Sakuma, Yoshihiro Sakai, Hideki Kyougoku, and Hiroshi Takaku. Hot water jet erosion characteristics of Ti-Ni shape memory alloys. Materials Transactions, 43(5):840–845, 2002.
  38. [38] Puyi Gao, Jiangkun Fan, Feng Sun, Jun Cheng, Lei Li, Bin Tang, Hongchao Kou, and Jinshan Li. Crystallography and asymmetry of tensile and compressive stressinduced martensitic transformation in metastable β titanium alloy Ti–7Mo–3Nb–3Cr–3Al. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 809:151762, 2019.
  39. [39] Omidreza Sadeghi, Marjan Bakhtiari-Nejad, Fatemeh Yazdandoost, Shima Shahab, and Reza Mirzaeifar. Dissipation of cavitation-induced shock waves energy through phase transformation in NiTi alloys. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 137:304–314, 2018.
  40. [40] Zhenxing Li, Fei Xiao, Xiao Liang, Hong Chen, Zhu Li, Xuejun Jin, and Takashi Fukuda. Effect of Hydrogen Doping on Stress-Induced Martensitic Transformation in a Ti-Ni Shape Memory Alloy. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 50(7):3033–3037, 2019.
  41. [41] S Alkan, A Ojha, and H Sehitoglu. The complexity of non-Schmid behavior in the CuZnAl shape memory alloy. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 114:238–257, 2018.
  42. [42] Y Zhu, J Zou, W L Zhao, X B Chen, and H Y Yang. A study on surface topography in cavitation erosion tests of AlSi10Mg. Tribology International, 102:419–428, 2016.
  43. [43] X.W.Hu J.S.Zhang L.S.Cui X.B.Shi, Z.C.Hu. Effect of plastic deformation on stress-induced martensitic transformation of nanocrystalline NiTi alloy. Materials Characterization, 128:184–188, 2017.


Latest Articles

    
 

0.6
2019CiteScore
 
 
27th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Enter your name and email below to receive latest published articles in Journal of Applied Science and Engineering.