Journal of Applied Science and Engineering

Published by Tamkang University Press


Impact Factor



Zhao-Qiu Liu This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1,2, Fei Zhang1 and Ji Zhang3

1School of Civil Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng, Jiangsu 224051, P.R. China
2School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia
3Beijing YJK Building Software Limited Liability Company, Beijing 100191, P.R. China


Received: January 25, 2016
Accepted: June 14, 2016
Publication Date: September 1, 2016

Download Citation: ||  


As a processing technology of data and information, building information modeling (BIM) is often used for producing digital engineering model and promoting interoperability among participants involved in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. The real values of BIM largely depend on effective information integrating and sharing among different stages or disciplines through the whole building lifecycle. To this day, although BIM has made a substantial contribution to the Chinese AEC industry, there are still some debates on its roles. Moreover, due to the complexity of structural design process, the weak link between structural model and BIM model makes its deep application even harder. To address these issues, this paper discusses the roles of BIM from the perspective of structural engineers through comparing with the traditional CAD. Then, the BIM structural model is studied by analyzing the model conformation, design mode, and Industry Foundation Classes (IFC)-format structural model. By comparing the differences between BIM physical model and structural mechanical model, an indirect method for the data transformation from BIM model to structural analysis model isproposed. An interface is developed based on the analysis of data formats and mapping rules. Three typical cases are adopted to demonstrate the data transfer efficiency by using the interface. The case study shows that the proposed method achieves higher efficiency for the data transformation from BIM model to structural analysis model.

Keywords: BIM Technology, IFC-format BIM Model, Structural Analysis Model, Data Transformation Interface, Information Integrating and Sharing


  1. [1] Barlish, K. and Sullivan, K., “How to Measure the Benefits of BIM: a Case Study Approach,” Automation in Construction, Vol. 24, pp. 149159 (2012). doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2012.02.008
  2. [2] Volk, R., Stengel, J. and Schultmann, F., “Building Information Modeling (BIM) for Existing Buildings: Literature Review and Future Needs,” Automation in Construction, Vol. 38, pp. 109127 (2014). doi: 10. 1016/j.autcon.2013.10.023
  3. [3] Miettinen, R. and Paavola, S., “Beyond the BIM Utopia: Approaches to the Development and Implementation of Building Information Modeling,” Automation in Construction, Vol. 43, pp. 8491 (2014). doi: 10. 1016/j.autcon.2014.03.009
  4. [4] Stowe, K., Zhang, S. J. and Teizer, J., “Capturing the Return on Investment of All-in Building Information Modeling: Structured Approach,” Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 15(2015).doi:10.1061/(ASCE)SC.1943-5576.00 00221
  5. [5] Eadie, R., Odeyinka, H. and Browne, M., “An Analysis of the Drivers for Adopting Building Information Modeling,” Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), Vol. 18, pp. 338352 (2013). Information on
  6. [6] Information on, (Accessed 15.02.2014).
  7. [7] Dodge Report, “The Business Value of BIM for Construction in Major Global Markets,” Dodge Data & Analytics, pp. 3035 (2014). Information on
  8. [8] Fan, S. L., Skibniewski, M. J. and Hung, T. W., “Effects of Building Information Modeling During Construction,” Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 157166 (2014). doi: 10.6180/ jase.2014.17.2.06
  9. [9] Diao, Y. T., Kato, S. and Hiyama,K., “Development of an Optimal Design Aid System Based on Building InformationModeling,” Building Simulation, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 315320 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s12273-011-00 54-3
  10. [10] Zhang, S. J., Teizer, J. and Lee, J. K., “Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Safety: Automatic Safety Checking of Construction Models and Schedules,” Automation in Construction, Vol. 29, pp. 183195 (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2012.05.006
  11. [11] Cheng, J. C. P. and Das, M., “A BIM-based Web Service Framework for Green Building Energy Simulation and Code Checking,” Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), Vol. 19, pp. 150168 (2014). Information on
  12. [12] Son, H. J., Lee, S. W. and Kim, C. W., “What Drives theAdoption ofBuildingInformationModelinginDesign Organizations? An Empirical Investigation of the Antecedents Affecting Architects’ Behavioral Intentions,”Automation inConstruction,Vol.49, pp. 9299 (2015). doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2014.10.012
  13. [13] Liu, Z. Q., Li, Y. G. and Zhang, H. Y., “An IFC-based Integration Tool for Supporting Information Exchange from Architectural Model to Structural Model,” Journal of Central South University of Technology, Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 13441350 (2010). doi: 10.1007/s11771010-0640-z
  14. [14] Hamdi, O. and Leite, F., “Conflicting Side of Building Information Modeling Implementation in the Construction Industry,” Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction, Vol. 6, pp. 18 (2014). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170. 0000137
  15. [15] Chi, H. L., Wang, X. Y. and Jiao, Y., “BIM-enabled Structural Design: Impacts and Future Development in Structural Modeling, Analysis and Optimization Processes,” Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering, Vol. 22, pp. 135-151 (2015). doi: 10.1007/s11 831-014-9127-7
  16. [16] Nawari, N. O. and Sgambelluri, M., “The role of National BIM Standard in Structural Design,” Structures Congress, Orlando, USA, pp. 16601671 (2010). doi: 10.1061/41130(369)151
  17. [17] Lee, S. I., Bae, J. S. and Cho, Y. S., “Efficiency Analysis of Set-based Design with Structural Building Information Modeling (S-BIM) on High-rise Building Structures,” Automation in Construction, Vol. 23, pp. 2032 (2012). doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2011.12.008
  18. [18] Qin, L., Deng, X. Y. and Liu, X. L., “Industry Foundation Classes Based Integration of Architectural Design and Structural Analysis,” Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science), Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 8390 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s12204-011-1099-2
  19. [19] Zhang, J. P. and Hu, Z. Z., “BIM-and 4D-based Integrated Solution of Analysis and Management for Conflicts and Structural Safety Problems during Construction: 1. Principles and Methodologies,” Automation in Construction, Vol. 20, pp. 155166 (2011). doi: 10. 1016/j.autcon.2010.09.013
  20. [20] Lancaster, F. D. and Tobin, J., “Integrated Project Delivery: Next-generation BIM for Structural Engineering,” Structures Congress, Orlando, USA, pp. 2809 2818 (2010). doi: 10.1061/41130(369)254
  21. [21] Robinson, C., “Structural BIM: Discussion, Case Studies and Latest Developments,” The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, Vol. 16, pp. 519 533 (2007). doi: 10.1002/tal.417
  22. [22] Xu, H. E., Feng, J. C. and Li, S. D., “Users-orientated Evaluation of Building Information Model in the Chinese Construction Industry,” Automation in Construction, Vol. 39, pp. 3246 (2014). doi:10.1016/j. autcon.2013.12.004
  23. [23] Cao, D. P., Wang, G. B. and Li, H., “Practices and Effectiveness of Building Information Modeling in Construction Projects in China,” Automation in Construction, Vol. 49, pp. 113122 (2015). doi: 10.1016/j.aut con.2014.10.014
  24. [24] Information on, (Accessed 27.08.2015). [25] Information on, (Accessed 22.08.2013)



69th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Enter your name and email below to receive latest published articles in Journal of Applied Science and Engineering.