Alex Y. Tuan This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1 and G. Q. Shang2

1Department of Civil Engineering, Tamkang University, Tamsui, Taiwan 251, R.O.C.
2Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong


Received: January 22, 2014
Accepted: May 23, 2014
Publication Date: June 1, 2014

Download Citation: ||  


This study investigates the mitigating effects of a TMD on the structural dynamic responses of Taipei 101 Tower, under the action of winds and remote (long-distance) seismic excitation. To begin with, the optimal parameters of the TMD in Taipei 101 Tower are first determined. Then a finite element model of this high-rise building, equipped with a TMD system, is established. A detailed dynamic analysis is conducted accordingly, to evaluate the behavior of the structure-TMD system. The simulation results obtained are compared with the wind tunnel test data and the recorded field measurements. The accuracy of the established computational frameworks is then verified. Findings of this study demonstrate that the use of the TMD in this building is materially effective in reducing the wind-induced vibrations. However, it is not as effective in mitigating remote seismic vibrations responses.

Keywords: Vibration Control, Tuned Mass Damper (TMD), Structure-TMD Interaction, Dynamic Analysis, Wind Effect, Earthquake Excitation, FEM, Wind Tunnel Testing, Field Measurement


  1. [1] Pan, T. C., Brownichu, J. M. W. and You, X. T., “Correlating Measured and Simulated Dynamic Response of a Tall Building to Long-Distance Earthquake,” Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn., Vol. 33, pp. 611632 (2004). doi: 10.1002/eqe.366
  2. [2] Brownjohn, J. M. W. and Pan, T. H., “Response of Tall Building to Weak Long Distance Earthquakes,” Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn., Vol. 30, pp. 709729 (2001). doi: 10.1002/eqe.32
  3. [3] Li, Q. S., Zhi, L. H., Tuan, Alex Y., Kao, C. S., Su, S. C. and Wu, C. F., “Dynamic Behavior of Taipei 101 Tower: Field Measurement and Numerical Analysis,” J Struct Eng-ASCE, Vol. 137, No. 1, pp. 143155 (2011). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000264
  4. [4] Smith, R., Merello, R. and Willford, M., “Intrinsic and Supplementary Damping in Tall Buildings,” Proceedings of the ICE - Structures and Buildings, Vol. 163, No. 2, pp. 111118 (2010). doi: 10.1680/stbu.2010. 163.2.111
  5. [5] Kareem, A. and Kijewski, T., “Mitigation of Motions of Tall Buildings with Specific Examples of Recent Applications,” Wind and Struct., Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 201251 (1999). doi: 10.12989/was.1999.2.3.201
  6. [6] Den Hartog, J. P., Mechanical Vibrations (4th edition), McGraw-Hill: New York (1956).
  7. [7] Chang, C. C, “Mass Dampers and Their Optimal Designs for Building Vibration Control,” Eng Struct., Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 454463 (1999). doi: 10.1016/ S0141-0296(97)00213-7
  8. [8] Sgobba, S. and Marano, G. C., “Optimum Design of Linear Tuned Mass Dampers for Structures with Nonlinear Behavior,” Mech Syst Signal Processing, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 17391755 (2010). doi: 10.1016/j. ymssp.2010.01.009
  9. [9] Leung, A. Y. T. and Zhang, H. J., “Particle Swarm Optimization of Tuned Mass Dampers,” Eng Struct., Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 715728 (2009). doi: 10.1016/j. engstruct.2008.11.017
  10. [10] Leung, A. Y. T., Zhang, H. J., Cheng, C. C. and Lee, Y. Y., “Particle Swarm Optimization of TMD by Non-- Stationary Base Excitation during Earthquake,” Earthq Eng & Struct D, Vol. 37, No. 9, pp. 12231246 (2008). doi: 10.1002/eqe.811
  11. [11] Lee, C. L., Chen, Y. T., Chung, L. L. and Wang, Y. P., “Optimal Design Theories and Applications of Tuned Mass Dampers,” Eng Struct., Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 4353 (2006). doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2005.06.023
  12. [12] Xu, Y. L., Kwok, K. C. S. and Samali, B., “Control of Wind-Induced Tall Building Vibration by Tuned Mass Dampers,” J Wind Eng Ing Aerodynaimcs, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 132 (1992). doi: 10.1016/0167-6105(92) 90518-F
  13. [13] Gerges, R. R. and Vickery, B. J., “Wind Tunnel Study of the Across-Wind Response of a Slender Tower with a Nonlinear Tuned Mass Damper,” J Wind Eng Ind Aerod, Vol. 91, No. 8, pp. 10691092 (2003). doi: 10.1016/S0167-6105(03)00053-9
  14. [14] Rana, R. and Soong, T. T., “Parametric Study and Simplified Design of Tuned Mass Dampers,” Eng Struct., Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 193204 (1998). doi: 10.1016/ S0141-0296(97)00078-3
  15. [15] Warburton, G. B. and Ayorinde, E. O., “Optimum Absorber Parameters for Simple Systems,” Earthq Eng & Struct Dyn., Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 197217 (1980). doi: 10.1002/eqe.4290080302
  16. [16] Ayorinde, E. O. and Warburton, G. B., “Minimizing Structural Vibrations with Absorbers,” J. Earthq Eng & Struct Dyn., Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 219236 (1980). doi: 10.1002/eqe.4290080303
  17. [17] Warburton, G. B., “Optimum Absorber Parameters for Minimizing Vibration Response,” J Earthq Eng & Struct Dyn., Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 251262 (1981). doi: 10.1002/eqe.4290090306
  18. [18] Research Institute of Building & Construction, Report on the Structural Design Scheme of Taipei 101, Ever Green Consulting Engineering, Inc, Taipei (1999).
  19. [19] Korenev, B. G. and Reznikov, L. M., Dynamic Vibration Absorbers Theory and Technical Applications, John Wiley & Sons Ltd (1993).
  20. [20] Wind-Induced Structural Responses Cladding Wind Load Study, Roman Williams Davies & Irwin Inc (RWDI) (1999).
  21. [21] Huang, S. H. and Li, Q. S., “Large Eddy Simulation of Wind Effects on a Supper-Tall Building,” Wind Struct., Vol. 13, pp. 557580 (2010). doi: 10.12989/was. 2010.13.6.557
  22. [22] International Standards Organization Wind Load Committee, Proposal for Wind Loading Standard, ISO TC 98/SC3/WG2 (1987).

Latest Articles