Journal of Applied Science and Engineering

Published by Tamkang University Press

1.30

Impact Factor

2.10

CiteScore

Zhong-Bo Hu This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1,2 and Yan-Xin Yang2

1China Three Gorges Corporation, Beijing 100038, P.R. China
2School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province 610031, P.R. China


 

Received: September 25, 2017
Accepted: January 29, 2018
Publication Date: June 1, 2018

Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.6180/jase.201806_21(2).0004  

ABSTRACT


A series of in-situ tests on lateral monotonic loading of two offshore large-diameter steel pipe piles in sand are performed, and the lateral load versus displacement relationship, bending moment and deflection of pile shaft and lateral soil pressures are measured. The results show that the maximum bending moment approximately is 1D m (one time diameter of pile) below the ground level, the zero pile shaft deflection point is approximately 7 m below the ground level. Based upon the measured results, the initial modulus and the ultimate resistance of p-y curves in silty sand are studied, and a modified hyperbolic model considering the influence of pile diameter and embedded depth is employed to calculate the sand p-y curves, the comparisons of p-y curves at the depth 2D (two times the diameter of pile) between API code and other refinement models are presented. The results show that the initial modulus is overestimated and the ultimate resistance is underestimated by the API code, which lead to small lateral displacement estimation when small pile shaft deflection occurs, and the lateral displacement estimation is conservative when large pile shaft deflection occurs. Furthermore, the initial modulus and the ultimate resistance are underestimated by the hyperbolic model, the modified hyperbolic model offers a better prediction for silty sand deposits.


Keywords: Offshore Wind, Large-diameter Steel Pipe Piles, p-y Curves, In-situ Test, Silty Sand


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